** In corruption-driven economy one can't punish big loan defaulters ** Late Casemiro strike sends Brazil into last 16 ** Girls outshine boys total pass rate 87.44 per cent ** Water transport workers call off strike over pay hike ** Ayat murder: Accused again put on 7-day remand ** 87.44 percent pass SSC, equivalent exams ** Black smokes billow from the flame as a fire broke out at a shoe market godown at Bhoirab in Kishoreganj on Sunday. NN photo ** Strike paralyses waterways across Bangladesh ** A ball goes past the Belgium's goalkeeper Thibaut Courtois (right) as Morocco's Romain Saiss (centre) and Morocco's Achraf Hakimi block his view from an offside position during the World Cup group F soccer match between Belgium and Morocco at the Al Thumama Stadium in Doha of Qatar on Sunday. Agency photo ** FIFA World Cup 2022: Messi leads Argentina to 2-0 win over Mexico ** Road crash leaves 3 dead in Chattogram ** PM officially announces completion of Karnaphuli Tunnel’s south side ** Workplaces are still not safe for women ** 10 killed in apartment fire in northwest China's Xinjiang ** Richarlison's second-half brace give Brazil 2-0 win over Serbia ** Son, Suarez subdued in Uruguay-Korea stalemate ** Raising retail power tariff: 3 more distribution companies submit proposals ** 6 hurt in three-wheeler crash on Mayor Hanif Flyover ** FIFA World Cup 2022: Young Spain rout experienced Costa Rica 7-0 ** Japan stun Germany with late strikes at World Cup ** Hundreds of vehicles get clogged with heavy traffic congestion in city’s Tejgaon area on Saturday. NN photo ** Japan stun Germany 2 goals in 8 minutes ** Bangladesh arrests man tied to death-row militants’ escape ** Traffic alert: Dhaka commuters urged to avoid Airport-Uttara route from tomorrow till Sunday morning ** A man dries up fishes at Bakolia area of Chattagram city on Tuesday ahead of imminent winter. NN photo **

When Do You Become an Adult?

06 June 2022
When Do You Become an Adult?

Life Desk  :
When does one become an adult? For the past few decades, this question has increasingly come up for debate amongst young people and their families, popular news media, and the social institutions that surround them. For many, the "classic" sociological markers of adult role transitions-finishing school, leaving home, getting married, having children, and entering the workforce (Settersten, 2006)-are feeling further and further out of reach.
Over the past few decades, drastic societal changes have led to the deferment of these adult role transitions and seismic demographic shifts. Emerging adults are getting married, having children, and beginning their careers much later in life than the generation prior.
These shifts have left many psychologists, most notably Jeffrey Jensen Arnett, to suggest that 18-29 years of age is more than a staging ground for the transition to adulthood: it is a new phase of development referred to as emerging adulthood.
Current theories of emerging adulthood define this developmental period as marked by five pillars: a time of possibilities, instability, identity explorations, self-focus, and ambivalence toward adult status (Arnett, 2000; 2006). Each of these features marks a central developmental process during this time of life.
However, absent from this conceptualization is a major aspect of this developmental period: the ways in which emerging adulthood is a time when desires and opportunities to contribute to families, communities, and civil society come to the forefront. Contribution refers to values, desires, and behaviors that promote social well-being and a sense of responsibility and duty that extends beyond the self (Lerner et al., 2002; Wray-Lake & Syvertsen, 2011).
Contributions can be for family members, peers, or one's community or go beyond to a sense of civic obligation (Wray-Lake & Syvertsen, 2011). For example, emerging adults from immigrant-origin backgrounds often engage in helping their families with translating, taking care of children or elders in their families and communities, mentoring younger community members, and advocating for a cause they care about (Katsiaficas, 2015).
The current conditions emerging adults face as a result of globalization, immigration, the changing landscape of educational attainment, and economic opportunities (Rosenbaum et al., 2015; Syed & Mitchell, 2013) all shape their desires and opportunities to contribute to others.
Across the extant literature, such contributions are operationalized in a variety of ways, including family obligations (Fuligni, 2001; 2007), civic or community engagement (Jensen, 2008), and contribution to one's community or larger society (Lerner et al., 2003; Katsiaficas et al., 2016).
Empirical evidence suggests that as young people come of age, such contributions become increasingly important for emerging adulthood (Suárez-Orozco et al., 2015) and that they are integral components of emerging adult identities (Katsiaficas, 2017; Katsiaficas et al., 2014), and that they play a critical role in positive youth development (Lerner et al., 2002). In short, there is growing evidence that these contributions play a fundamental role in the lives of emerging adults. Yet, they have been overlooked in the theoretical conceptualization of this period of life.
Perhaps it is time we explore a sixth pillar of emerging adulthood: contribution. These unexamined contributions have important implications not only for the adults these emerging adults will become but, in fact, have important implications for the type of society we will become.

Add Rate